In Python, comparison operations are used to compare values and return a boolean result indicating whether the comparison is true or false.

Comparison operations are often used in control structures such as loops and conditional statements to make decisions based on the result of a comparison.

In this article, we will explore the different types of comparison operations available in Python and provide you with some simple exercises to practice using them.

**1. Equality Comparison**

The equality comparison is used to determine whether two values are equal. In Python, the equality comparison operator is `==`

. For example:

a = 10 b = 5 + 5 if a == b: print("a and b are equal") else: print("a and b are not equal")

Output: “a and b are equal”

**Exercise 1**: Write a program that compares two numbers and prints “equal” if they are equal or “not equal” if they are not equal.

**2. Inequality Comparison**

The inequality comparison is used to determine whether two values are not equal. In Python, the inequality comparison operator is `!=`

. For example:

a = 10 b = 5 + 5 if a != b: print("a and b are not equal") else: print("a and b are equal")

Output: “a and b are not equal”

**Exercise 2**: Write a program that compares two numbers and prints “not equal” if they are not equal or “equal” if they are equal.

**3. Greater Than Comparison**

The greater than comparison is used to determine whether one value is greater than another. In Python, the greater than comparison operator is `>`

. For example:

a = 10 b = 5 if a > b: print("a is greater than b") else: print("a is not greater than b")

Output: “a is greater than b”

**Exercise 3**: Write a program that compares two numbers and prints “a is greater” if the first number is greater than the second number or “b is greater” if the second number is greater than the first number.

**4. Less Than Comparison**

The less than comparison is used to determine whether one value is less than another. In Python, the less than comparison operator is `<`

. For example:

a = 10 b = 5 if a < b: print("a is less than b") else: print("a is not less than b")

Output: “a is not less than b”

**Exercise 4**: Write a program that compares two numbers and prints “a is less” if the first number is less than the second number or “b is less” if the second number is less than the first number.

**5. Greater Than or Equal To Comparison**

The greater than or equal to comparison is used to determine whether one value is greater than or equal to another. In Python, the greater than or equal to comparison operator is `>=`

. For example:

a = 10 b = 5 if a >= b: print("a is greater than or equal to b") else: print("a is not greater than or equal to b")

Output: “a is greater than or equal to b”

**Exercise 5**: Write a program that compares two numbers and prints “a is greater than or equal to b” if the first number is greater than or equal to the second number or “b is greater than or equal to a” if the second number is greater than or equal to the first number.

**6. Less Than or Equal To Comparison**

The less than or equal to comparison is used to determine whether one value is less than or equal to another. In Python, the less than or equal to comparison operator is `<=`

. For example:

a = 10 b = 5 if a <= b: print("a is less than or equal to b") else: print("a is not less than or equal to b")

Output: “a is not less than or equal to b”

**Exercise 6**: Write a program that compares two numbers and prints “a is less than or equal to b” if the first number is less than or equal to the second number or “b is less than or equal to a” if the second number is less than or equal to the first number.

**7. Chained Comparison**

Chained comparison allows you to compare multiple values at once. In Python, you can chain comparison operators together using the `and`

and `or`

operators. For example:

```
a = 10
b = 5
c = 7
if a > b and a > c:
print("a is the largest")
elif b > a and b > c:
print("b is the largest")
else:
print("c is the largest")
```

Output: “a is the largest”

**Exercise 7**: Write a program that compares three numbers and prints “a is the largest” if the first number is the largest, “b is the largest” if the second number is the largest, or “c is the largest” if the third number is the largest.

**8. Object Identity Comparison**

Object identity comparison is used to determine whether two objects are the same object in memory. In Python, the object identity comparison operator is `is`

. For example:

a = [1, 2, 3] b = a if a is b: print("a and b are the same object") else: print("a and b are different objects")

Output: “a and b are the same object”

Exercise 8: Write a program that creates two lists with the same values and prints “same” if they are the same object or “different” if they are different objects.

**Conclusion**

In this article, we have explored the different types of comparison operations available in Python, including equality comparison, inequality comparison, greater than comparison, less than comparison, greater than or equal to comparison, less than or equal to comparison, chained comparison, and object identity comparison.

We have also provided some simple exercises to help you practice using these comparison operators in your Python programs. By mastering these comparison operations, you can make your Python programs more powerful and flexible.